This is the sixth edition of the Africa Visa Openness Report. It presents the findings of this year’s Africa Visa Openness Index, which has been produced jointly by the African Development Bank (Bank) and the African Union Commission (AUC) since 2016.

In the last 18 months, countries across Africa instituted strict travel restrictions to contain the health crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. As infection rates declined, a number of countries began to open their borders safely and securely.

The emergence of new variants makes the evolution of this process uncertain, not only in Africa, but around the world. The situation calls for careful planning, grounded in the best evidence and developed in collaboration, not in isolation. By championing the Africa Visa Openness Index, the leadership of the AfDB and the AUC is helping this process and building a more integrated, safer, and more secure Africa that encourages intra-African trade, tourism, and investment.

Sincere appreciation is extended to Zodwa Florence Mabuza, who led this flagship project, and to Ambroise Kitohou and Johanna Pangeiko Nautwima, whose assistance with data collection and analysis was invaluable. Special thanks go to the Bank's Regional Integration Coordination Office team, especially Patrick Kanyimbo, Youssouf Kone, Memory Dube, and Lufeyo Banda, for helping to develop this tool.

I would also like to acknowledge the Bank’s consultants who have produced excellent work on the Africa Visa Openness Report over the years: Elena Immambocus for developing the report, and Peggy King Cointepas for design and graphics. Thank you also to Jennifer Petrela for her fine editing of this publication.

Jean-Guy Afrika

OIC Director, Regional Development and Regional Integration, African Development Bank

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