About the Report
Free movement by people is the hallmark of regional economic integration, facilitating trade and economic growth across the continent. Free movement of people impacts considerable economic benefits of both temporary and long term to the economies in the region.
About the project
The Africa Visa Openness Index measures how open African countries are when it comes to visas by looking at what they ask of citizens from other countries in Africa when they travel. It aims to show at a glance which countries are facilitating travel for citizens of other countries and how: whether they allow people to travel to their country without a visa, if travellers can get a visa on arrival in the country or if visitors need to get a visa before travel.
Data on visa openness was collected in June and July 2018. The primary source of information was the International Air Transport Association (IATA).
“Regional integration and trade based upon the free movement of persons, goods, services and capital is at the core of the business of the African Development Bank”
Importance of Visa Openness
Free movement of people is a cornerstone of regional integration and the African Development Bank’s vision to create the next global market in Africa. Creating larger, more attractive markets and supporting intra-African trade are boosted by greater mobility. When business people and traders move more easily across the continent, thanks to liberal visa policies, they bring higher levels of investment, fresh skills and expand the range of goods and services on offer.
The Africa Visa Openness Index is tracking changes in country scores over time to show which countries are making improvements that support freer movement of people across Africa. In future editions, the Report will look at how countries are facilitating visa openness by cutting time, reducing costs or simplifying the visa process as well as how far a visitor’s experience on the ground matches up to the agreements or visa policies in place on paper.