About the Report

Africa Visa Openness Index

The Africa Visa Openness Index (AVOI) measures the extent to which African countries are open to visitors from other African countries. The index analyzes each country’s visa requirements to show which countries on the continent facilitate travel to their territory.

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For each country, the AVOI counts the number of other countries whose citizens must obtain a visa before travelling there, the number of other countries whose citizens may obtain a visa upon arrival, and the number of other countries whose citizens do not need a visa to enter. The AVOI then assigns each country a visa openness score and ranks it accordingly.

First published in 2016, the AVOI also tracks changes in countries’ scores over time. This shows how countries’ policies are evolving as regards the freedom of movement across Africa. Future editions of the AVOI are expected to analyze not only how countries are cutting processing times, reducing visa costs, and simplifying the visa process, but also the extent to which countries’ visa policies match up to their visitors’ experience in applying for, obtaining, and using a visa.

Data for this year’s edition was collected between June and July 2021. The main sources of information were the International Air Transport Association and countries’ official websites.

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