Visa openness in Africa by category

Highlights from the 2022 AVOI

  • The aggregate AVOI score continues its upward trajectory.
    • 36 of 54 countries have improved or maintained their score since 2016.
    • 13 of 2022’s top-20 performers have a higher score today than 6 years ago (2016).
  • Three countries now offer visa-free entry to Africans of all other countries.
    • In 2016 and 2017, only one country did so.
  • The continent’s aggregate AVOI score now surpasses its pre-COVID mark in 2019.
  • In 2022, the AVOI rebounded significantly.
    • Five of 2022’s top-20 performers improved their score since 2021.
    • Only one top-20 performer’s score has declined since last year.
  • Lower-income countries continue to make progress.
    • Nine top-20 performers are low-income countries; three of them are landlocked.
    • Another nine top-20 performers are lower-middle-income countries.
  • More countries now offer an e-visa.
    • 24 countries offer an e-visa in 2022, compared to nine countries in 2016.